Voivodships of Poland

Poland's present voivodships (since 1999)


A voivodship (in Polish województwo) is a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland since the 14th century. As a result of Local Goverment Reogranization Act of 1998, 16 new voivodships were created (effective January 1 1999) and replaced the 49 voivodships which had existed since 1 July 1975.

Today's provinces are largely based on the country's historical regions, whereas those of 1975-1998 were centered on and named for individual cities. The new units range in area from under 10,000 km2 (Opole Voivodship) to over 35,000 km2 (Masovian Voivodship), and in population from one million (Lubusz Voivodship) to over five million (Masovian Voivodship).

Polish voivodships 1975-1998 (49) This reorganisation of administrative division of Poland was mainly a result of local government reform acts of 1973-1975. In place of three level administrative division (voivodship, county, commune), new two-level administrative division was introduced (49 small voidships and communes). Three smallest voivodships of Warsaw, Cracow and Lodz had special status of city voivodship; the city president (mayor) was also province governor.
Polish voivodships 1950-1975 (17+5) Poland_1957

In 1950 new voivodships created: Koszalin - previously part of Szczecin, Opole - previously part of Katowice, and Zielona Góra - previously part of Poznan, Wroclaw and Szczecin voivodships.

1950-1975 2 cities with voivodship status: Warsaw and Lodz,
1957-1975 5 cities with voivodship status: additionally Wroclaw , Krakow and Poznan.

Polish voivodships 1945-1950 (14+2) Poland_1946 Newly acquired teritories in the west and north organized into the voivodships of Szczecin, Wroclaw, Olsztyn and partly joined to Gdansk, Katowice and Poznan voivodships.
Poland under German occupation 1939-1945 Poland_1939
Polish voivodships 1921-1939 (16+1) Poland_1921 Poland1921-39_Today

The Second Polish Republic is an unofficial name applied to the Republic of Poland between World War I and World War II.