SZKICE Z DZIEJÓW

SZLACHTY MAZOWIECKIEJ

(Outline of the history of MAZOVIAN Nobility)

(pp. 63-64)

Herbarz Polski

The behavior of Mazovian nobility concerning their domestic relationships seems rather unorthodox.

At the end of the 15th century, citizens of Warsaw: Zaborowski, Płochocki, Jaszewski, Biklawski, Drwalewski, Turowski, Załuskowy, Prus, Jezierski, Kruszewski, Wilczygórski, Brzuniński, Babicki attacked a parish in the town of Tarczyn and robbed it of all its flour, grain, hay and poultry. They also robbed villages belonging to the church: Wola, Grzędy, Ruda, Przypki, and others. The robbers were led by a dignitary – vice mayor, Jan Załuska. Nobles from Powsin: Falenski, Pielasko and Zastowa robbed villages belonging to the Parish Słoński: Miedzieszyn and Zawady. Mikołaj from Falenica stole two pigs from Miedzieszyn, which he butchered in his house, and a colt, which he sold. Nobles from Zasty stole three horses. The robbers were supported by peasants from Dziechiniec, Duchow, Wiazdow I Kobyłki. Nobles from Zakroczym from Klukowo, Ślubowo, Prusinowice, Brolino, Łempic, Poniaty and Gnaty: Prusinowski, Mniszewski, Poniatowski, Krzywonosy, Świerczewski, Wilamowski, Skarżyński, Łempiskis (one was: educated!), Broliński, Wyrzykowski, Ślubowski, Gnatowski - broke into a country vicarage, emptied barrels of beer and ran away with the grain, the poultry and the clothes.[1]

In some areas the nobility devoted themselves to robberies and plunder even in 16th century. Nurska, according to actual certificates, didn't think it a dishonor to be a ruffian. Pomrożanie, called so because of the brook Mroga, crossing through parishes Rawa: Jezow, Kolacinki, Dmoszynka and ending in the river Bzura, were sung of by the peasants and became famous because of their wilderness[2]. Usually the audience of noble’s assaults were: inn, market, court, town hall and the church.

NOTES

  1. [^]Monumenta medii aevi hist., t. XVI, nr. 1872 – 74, 1876, 1877.
  2. [^]Świecicki. Topographia.

REFERENCES

  • Smoleński, Władysław. SZKICE Z DZIEJÓW SZLACHTY MAZOWIECKIEJ. Kraków : Nakładem Autora, 1908.