MARIUSZ BŁOŃSKI, KAZIMIERZ PACUSKI, JAKUB WRZOSEK

GRAVE FROM GNATY-LEWISKI. CONTRIBUTION TO RESEARCH ON EARLY MEDIEVAL INHUMATION CEMETERIES IN MASOVIA

Summary

     In 2006, human skeletal remains were found loose in a sand excavation pit at the locality of Gnaty-Lewiski, Winnica commune, Pułtusk district in the mazowiekie viovodeship. The pit was located on a small rise (now leveled) in the vicinity of an archaeological site, which had been identified provisionally as a settlement trace of late medieval date (Fig. 1).

Fig1      Salvage excavations carried out on the spot in 2007 (Figs 2-4) uncovered a grave pit containing the lower half of a skeleton of a young woman (lower limbs, pelvis, fragmentarily preserved digits). A skull was found loose in the sand next to the grave. The orientation of the skeleton was to the northwest. The age of the individual was estimated anthropologically at 18-21 years (Ł.M. Stanaszek 2009). A silver ring was recorded on one of the digits of the hand. Traces of green discoloration on the skull suggested the presence of copper-alloy head ornaments.

Fig2Fig3Fig4      An assemblage of 40 potsherds, including 6 prehistoric pieces, 16 of Early Medieval date and 18 fragments of wheel-made pots, mostly of 15th -16th c. date (but also later), was recorded from the surface, the humus layer and a feature adjoining the grave.
     The Gnaty-Lewiski grave must be considered as part of an Early Medieval inhumation cemetery located on the site. The existence of a prehistoric cremation burial ground on the same spot is suggested by reminiscences of human bones and clay pots being found during road works carried out near the sand pit (local residents spoke of “bones in pots” and “dark spots on the ground”). The assemblage of prehistoric sherds found near the grave included two vessel rims (Fig. 5a,b) and four non-diagnostic body fragments. Four of these sherds (Fig. 5a-c) can be assigned to the Early Iron Age, while two non-diagnostic fragments can be of pre-Roman and period of Roman influence date. The finds are inconclusive as evidence for the existence of a prehistoric cremation burial ground at Gnaty-Lewiski, because cremation was the preferred form of burial in the Early Iron age, in the pre-Roman and Roman times as well in the earliest phases of the Middle Ages. The rite has been evidenced sporadically in inhumation cemeteries with graves with stone settings from northern Masovia.

Fig5      The Gnaty-Lewiski grave is to be dated generally from the middle of the 11th to the first half of the 13th c. The lower borderline date corresponds to the appearance of inhumation burials in northern Masovia, which current research on both, flat cemeteries and cemeteries with stone settings places around the middle of the 11th c. A terminus ante quem for the discovered grave is the disappearance of outside-church cemeteries and the emergence of parish churches with their own graveyards. The foundation of a parish church in nearby Winnica is dated to the first half of the 13th c.; from that date on presumably the knightly classes from the Gnaty-Lewiski area would have buried their dead there.
     The silver ring found in Gnaty-Lewiski grave (Fig. 6; Table 1) is not helpful in precise dating of the grave, as similar jewelry from the region of the northwestern Slavs is attributed to a broad time horizon from the end of the 10th through the 13th c. The Early Medieval pottery from the vicinity of the grave is also dated broadly from the first half of the 10th through the 13th c.

Fig6      No stone structures of any kind were noted at Gnaty-Lewiski, making it impossible to specify whether it was flat cemetery or cemetery with stone settings or else whether it combined the two forms.
     The Gnaty-Lewiski grave belongs to one of four Early Medieval inhumation cemeteries excavated in the southern parts of the Ciechanów Upland (Fig. 7). Data for altogether 15 church cemeteries and non-church cemeteries has been collected in the region. The number of inhumation burials here is considerably less than in the neighboring Płońsk Upland and partly the Raciąż Plain to the west, and the northern part of the Ciechanów Upland where a concentration of cemeteries with stone settings has been recorded.

Fig7      Apart from the Gnaty-Lewiski cemetery in the southern part of the Ciechanów Upland, there existed cemeteries with stone settings in Kościesze, Świercze-Koty commune, and probably Malczyn near Nasielsk. Burial grounds with graves of unknown type were situated at Gotardy and Kęsy-Wypychy, Gzy commune, Gutków and Łopacin, Sońsk commune, most likely also at Kacice, Pułtusk commune (10th c. sword found there; members of the local population informed about finding “human remains” and iron and pottery artifacts there).
     The above listed cemeteries are all at a similar distance from Gnaty-Lewiski: Kęsy-Wypychy about 6.5 km away, the others about 11-13 km away. Only the flat cemetery in Kleszew was situated farther away (about 19 km).
     One should add church cemeteries to this list of Early Medieval inhumation burials in the southern part of the Ciechanów Upland. One such cemetery founded in the first half of the 13th c. was discovered near the stronghold (Castle Hill) in Pułtusk. Inhumation cemeteries were also attached to the parish churches of 11th – 12th c. date in Nasielsk and Sierock, and the 13th c. churches in Winnica, Zegrze and Dzierżenin. The Early Medieval cemetery in Nasielsk has yet to be located. The stronghold in this locality was raised just after the middle of the 9th c.; it existed in modified form through the second half of the 13th c. The settlement in its vicinity is of much older date, going back to at least the 7th c. A cemetery of uncertain chronology was found in Chmielewo, about 5 km north of the stronghold in Nasielsk.
     The southern part of the Ciechanów Upland is where the cemeteries with the graves with stone settings and flat cemeteries mingle. Even if the cemeteries with graves of uncertain type here were actually cemeteries with the graves with stone settings, the region would still be characterized by a lesser share of cemeteries of this kind compared to the regions of Płońsk Upland and the upper Orzyc river basin.
     The Early Medieval grave from Gnaty-Lewiski was situated about 10 km from the Nasielsk stronghold and about 13 km from the Castle Hill in Pułtusk. The border between these territories followed the division between the Wkra and Narew river watersheds.
     It remains to be ascertained which settlements the Gnaty-Lewiski cemetery serviced. Ground surveys in the region (AZP 48-65) have yielded only one trace of settlement in the Early Medieval period, located 2 km from the said cemetery.
     According to written sources, the church in Winnica was founded probably by the Płock bishops in the first quarter of the 13th c., possibly even before 1217. The parish in Winnica has been evidenced for 1377, including all the minor-knights' settlements north of Winnica and to the west and northwest of Pułtusk, on the borderland of the episcopal estates centered in Pułtusk and the knights' estates around ducal Nasielsk. Winnica can be presumed to have grown into a local administrative center for the episcopal properties, including a country manor where bishop and his retinue stayed when moving from the capital in Płock to the most important of the episcopal strongholds in Pułtusk.
     The Gnaty settlement near Winnica, initially called Częstowojewice, occurs in sources from the first half of the 14th c. In 1425, Grzymka (that is, Grzymisława), daughter of Racibor, inheriting from her father, testified before Prince Janusz I that Falisław and his sons Wojciech and Gnat paid 46 threescore of grosz for her share of the Gnaty estate, otherwise known as Częstowojewice. Therefore, the settlement already had more than one owner. It belonged to the knightly family of the Łada, established in Masovia for several generations, who could have resided in Częstowojewice-Gnaty for ages, inheriting shares of the settlement. In the 16th c., Gnaty comprised a number of hamlets with their own names: -Lewiszki, -Częstki, -Szczerbaki, -Wawrzyki, -Zarazy. These hamlets belonged to the small gentry who did not own peasants, but worked the land with their own hands. The Gnatowski family sealing themselves with the Łada coat-of-arms lived in this region also in later times, upholding the old traditions of small gentry descended from the earlier minor knighthood.
     Heraldic attribution can be useful in connecting members of the knighthood with the nearest strongholds in the region. The heraldry, which was established already by the first half of the 14th c., points to a link between the Łada family of minor knighthood and the settlement in the Sulnikowo region where the property of the Pułtusk official (tribunus) Bogusz was located. According to a ducal document of 1257, this property was given to the Płock bishop and it can be assumed that the region was the place of residence of minor-knights assigned to the defense of the Pułtusk stronghold. Therefore, the knights from Częstowojewice-Gnaty can be considered as part of the knighthood subjected to the bishop of Płock.
     The discovery of the grave at Gnaty-Lewiski places in an interesting light the issue of the continuity of knightly settlement from the times of the Piast rulers through the Modern Age. Close to two hundred years in the history of the settlement near Gnaty-Lewiski (from the abandonment of the isolated cemetery in the early 13th c. through the end of the 14th c.) finds no reflection either in written or archaeological sources. It is thus impossible to be sure that the Częstowojewice-Gnaty settlement was inhabited by the ancestors of a family using the Łada coat-of-arms at the time that the dead started being buried in the local cemetery. Even so, it is a very likely conjecture. Masovia is characterized by the presence of cemeteries with rich graves with stone settings, it was densely populated by members of the lesser knighthood, later minor gentry, especially of the poorer sort. The coexistence noted between a numerous Masovian knighthood and cemeteries with stone settings has been linked to a warrior class known to have existed in the so-called state of Miecław, which functioned briefly (before 1047) in Masovia after the fall of the so-called first Piast monarchy. In Polish territory, the Early Medieval custom of burying the dead in richly furnished cemeteries with graves with stone settings has been interpreted among others as proof of the presence of Varego-Ruthenian warriors sent from Ruthenia to help Prince Kazimierz deal with Miecław's rebellion. Subsequently, these warriors would have been settled in northern Masovia. People following this specific burial rite were only part of the population of Masovia. From the second half of the 11th c., outside church cemeteries with the graves with stone-settings coexisted with flat cemeteries, by the 12th c. at least, also with the church cemeteries. In these necropolis mostly the local populations (also warrior class) where buried.
     Archeology, history and anthropology still have a place in the study of the Early Medieval inhumation cemeteries in Masovia as well the origin and continuity of the population inhabiting this region of Poland. Genetic research has also much to contribute in this field.

Keywords: Early Middle Ages, Masovia, Ciechanów Upland, inhumation grave, inhumation cemetery, knightly settlement

Translated by Iwona Zych

Adresy Autorów:

Mgr Mariusz Błoński
Zakład Archeologii Mazowsza i Podlasia
Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN
al. Solidarności 105
00-140 Warszawa

Dr Kazimierz Pacuski
Słowni Geograficzno-Historyczny Mazowsza w Średniowieczu
Zakład Atlasu Historycznego
Instytut Historii PAN
ul. Rynek Starego Miasta 29/31
00-272 Warszawa

Mgr Jakub Wrzosek
Dział Archeologii
Krajowy Ośrodek Badań i Dokumentacji Zabytków
ul. Szeroki Dunaj 5
00-272 Warszawa

SZKICE Z DZIEJÓW

SZLACHTY MAZOWIECKIEJ

(Outline of the history of MAZOVIAN Nobility)

(pp. 63-64)

Herbarz Polski

The behavior of Mazovian nobility concerning their domestic relationships seems rather unorthodox.

At the end of the 15th century, citizens of Warsaw: Zaborowski, Płochocki, Jaszewski, Biklawski, Drwalewski, Turowski, Załuskowy, Prus, Jezierski, Kruszewski, Wilczygórski, Brzuniński, Babicki attacked a parish in the town of Tarczyn and robbed it of all its flour, grain, hay and poultry. They also robbed villages belonging to the church: Wola, Grzędy, Ruda, Przypki, and others. The robbers were led by a dignitary – vice mayor, Jan Załuska. Nobles from Powsin: Falenski, Pielasko and Zastowa robbed villages belonging to the Parish Słoński: Miedzieszyn and Zawady. Mikołaj from Falenica stole two pigs from Miedzieszyn, which he butchered in his house, and a colt, which he sold. Nobles from Zasty stole three horses. The robbers were supported by peasants from Dziechiniec, Duchow, Wiazdow I Kobyłki. Nobles from Zakroczym from Klukowo, Ślubowo, Prusinowice, Brolino, Łempic, Poniaty and Gnaty: Prusinowski, Mniszewski, Poniatowski, Krzywonosy, Świerczewski, Wilamowski, Skarżyński, Łempiskis (one was: educated!), Broliński, Wyrzykowski, Ślubowski, Gnatowski - broke into a country vicarage, emptied barrels of beer and ran away with the grain, the poultry and the clothes.[1]

In some areas the nobility devoted themselves to robberies and plunder even in 16th century. Nurska, according to actual certificates, didn't think it a dishonor to be a ruffian. Pomrożanie, called so because of the brook Mroga, crossing through parishes Rawa: Jezow, Kolacinki, Dmoszynka and ending in the river Bzura, were sung of by the peasants and became famous because of their wilderness[2]. Usually the audience of noble’s assaults were: inn, market, court, town hall and the church.

NOTES

  1. [^]Monumenta medii aevi hist., t. XVI, nr. 1872 – 74, 1876, 1877.
  2. [^]Świecicki. Topographia.

REFERENCES

  • Smoleński, Władysław. SZKICE Z DZIEJÓW SZLACHTY MAZOWIECKIEJ. Kraków : Nakładem Autora, 1908.
  Herbarz Polski
Herbarz Polski Herbarz Polski Herbarz Polski Herbarz Polski

LES

CONFISCATIONS

DES

BIENS DES POLONAIS

SOUS LE RÈGNE DE

L’EMPEREUR NICOLAS IER

EXAMEN HISTORIQUE, POLITIQUE ET JURIDIQUE DES UKASES ET DÉCRETS

SUIVI DE

TABLEAUX NOMINATIFS ET ALPHABETIQUES

PAR

LOUIS LUBLINER

AVOCAT A LA COUR D’APPEL DE BRUXELLES.

BRUXELLES, LEIPZIG, GAND

C. MUQUARDT.

1861

 

(THE CONFISCATION OF PROPERTY OF THE POLISH DURING THE REIGN OF THE EMPEROR NICHOLAS I

REVIEW HISTORY, POLICY AND LAW AND ORDER UKAS TRACKING APPOINTMENT AND ALPHABETICAL TABLES

BY LOUIS LUBLIN ADVOCATE TO THE COURT OF APPEAL OF BRUSSELS. 1861)


TABLE DES MATIÈRES.

(TABLE OF CONTENTS.)

 

AVANT-PROPOS EXPLICATIF

(EXPLANATORY FOREWORD)

PREMIÈRE PARTIE.

(Part One)

Confiscations dans les goubernies occidentales.

(Confiscations in the western goubernies.)

 

CHAPITRE I. Examen des dispositions des ukases organiques des confiscations au point de vue historique et politique. 5
(Chapter 1. Examination of the disposals of the organic ukases of the confiscations to the point of historic and political view. 5)
CHAPITRE II. Examen critique de la peine de confiscation des biens sous le point de vue du droit russe 15
(Chapter 2. Critical review of the penalty of confiscation of property in the view of Russian law. 15)
  Tableau nominatifs et alphabétiques des Polonais don’t les biens meubles et immeubles ont été confisqués dans les goubernies occidentals, et comprenant la valeur estimative des biens individuellement confisqués. 23-76
  (Table name and letter of Poles do not movable and immovable property was confiscated in Goubern West and including the estimated value of confiscated goods individually. 23-76)

 

DEUXIÈME PARTIE.

(Part Two)

Confiscations des biens dans le royaume de Pologne.

(Confiscation of property in the kingdom of Poland.)

CHAPITRE IER. Examen critique de la peine de confiscation, sous le point de vue historique et juridique. 79
(Chapter 1 Critical review of the penalty of confiscation, under the historical point of view and legal)
   
  Note sur le départ pour Paris de M. JOACHIM LELEWEL quatre jours avant son décès. ib.
  (Note on the departure for Paris Mr. Joachim Lelewel four days before his death.)
CHAPITRE II. Examen critique des décrets organiques de la mort civile et de la confiscation des biens. 85
(Chapter 2 Critical review of organic decrees of the civil death and confiscation of property. )
CHAPITRE III.
Examen analytique des dispositions du décret organique sur la confiscation du 2/14 avril 1835 92
(Chapter 3 Analytical examination of the provisions of the organic decree on the confiscation of 2 / 14 April 1835)
CHAPITRE IV. Texte des ukases d’amnistie, observations politiques. 96
(Chapter 4 Text of amnesty ukase, political observations.)
CHAPITRE V.
Des effets légaux de l’amnistie octroyee par l’empereur Alexandre II 104
(Chapter 5 Legal effects of the amnesty granted by the Emperor Alexander II)
  Note supplémentaire sur l’exportation de M. LELEWEL de Bruxelles 109
  (Supplementary note on the export of Mr. Lelewel of Brussels)
  Listes nominatives et alphabétiques des Polonais dont les biens meubles et immeubles ont été confisqués dans le royaume de Pologne, depuis l’année 1834 jusqu’a l’année 1856. 111-147
  (Alphabetical lists of names of Poles whose movable and immovable property have been confiscated in the kingdom of Poland, since 1834 through 1856)

- 41 -

GOUBERNIE DE PODOLIE.

(Podole Gubernia)

 

Explication des chiffres des citations placés dans les deux tableaux A et B à la suite de CHAQUE NOM, chiffres des citations se rapportant aux documents officiels ou publics constatant les confiscations INDIVIDUELLES des biens exécutées dans cette Goubernie.

(Explanation of the figures of the placed quotations in the two tables A and B following EVERY NAME, numbers of citations relating to the official or public documents noting INDIVIDUAL confiscations of property carried out in this Goubern.)


- 42 -

GOUBERNIE DE PODOLIE.

(Podole Gubernia)

A.

 

Tableau nominatif et alphabétique des Polonais spoliés de la propriété de leurs biens meubles et immeubles, lesquels sont évalués dans les documents officials d’après le seul nombre de paysans-serfs.
 

(Table by alphabetical name of the Poles whose property was plundered of their movable and immovable goods, which these are evaluated in the official documents according to the number of peasants serfs.)

Nos D’ORDRE. NOMS, PRÉNOMS, CHIFFRES DES CITATIONS. Nombre des SERFS confisqués.
(Order Number) (Last name, First name, Number of Citations). (Number of serfs confiscated).
14 Gnatowski, Paul …………………………………. 1 25

- 44 -

GOUBERNIE DE PODOLIE.

(Podole Gubernia)

B.

 

Tableau nominatif et alphabétique des Polonais dont les biens meubles et immeubles confisqués ne sont pas déterminés dans les documents officials ou publics par le nombre des serfs ni évalués ou par des sommes d’argent.
 

(Table by alphabetical name of the Poles whose movable and immovable property and confiscated buildings are not determined in the documents officials or public by the number of serfs or evaluated or by sums of money.)

Nos D’ORDRE. NOMS, PRÉNOMS, CHIFFRES DES CITATIONS.
(Order Number) (Last name, First name, Number of Citations).
101 Gnatowski, Paul …………………………………. 7
102 Gnatowski, Pierre .................................................. 1
103 Gnatowski, Casimir ............................................... 1

- 71 -

GOUBERNIE DE WOLHYNIE.

(Wolhynie Gubernia)

B.

 

Tableau nominatif et alphabétique des Polonais don’t les biens meubles et immeubles confisqués ne sont pas déterminés dans les documents officials ou publics par le nombre des serfs ni évalués ou par des sommes d’argent.
 

(Table by alphabetical name of the Polish don’t the goods furnish and confiscated buildings are not determined in the documents officials or public by the number of serfs or evaluated or by sums of money.)

Nos D’ORDRE. NOMS, PRÉNOMS, CHIFFRES DES CITATIONS.
(Order Number) (Last name, First name, Number of Citations).
87 Gnatowski, Xavier ………………………………….20

DEUXIÈME LISTE

NOMINATIVE ET ALPHABÉTIQUE

DES POLONAIS

DONT LES BIENS, MEUBLES ET IMMEUBLES

ONT ÉTÉ FRAPPÉS DE CONFISCATION PAR DÉCRET DU CONSEIL D’ADMINISTRATION

DU 28 JUIN (10 JUILLET) 1835 (1).

 

(Names in alphabetical order of Polish whose property, moveable and immovable were confiscated by order of the board of directors June 28 (10 July) 1835)

 

(1) Voir cette nombreuse liste, officiellement mise en ordre alphabétique, dans la Gazette générale de Varsovie (Dziennik powszechny warszawski) du 22 juillet 1835, no 206, page 1047, ainsi que l’appendice officiel à la fin du deuxième semester de la même année. Voir également: Bulletin des lois du royaume, tome XVII, depuis la page 120 jusqu a la page 238. – Voir egalement : Hebdomadaire de Saint-Peterbourg (Tygodnik petersburski), 1835 depuis le no 58 jusqu au no 79.

(1) View this large list, officially put into alphabetical order in the Gazette General of Warsaw (Dziennik powszechny warszawski) on 22 July 1835, no. 206, page 1047, and the appendix to the official end of the second semester of that year. See also: Bulletin of the laws of the Kingdom, Volume XVII, from page 120 up to page 238. See also: Weekly St. Petersburg (Tygodnik petersburski), from 1835 No. 58 to No. 79.


- 123 -

422. Gnatowski, Stanislas

KSIĘGA ZIEMSKA ZAKROCZYMSKA PIERWSZA

1423-1427

(DISTRICT BOOK OF ZAKROCZYM, BOOK 1)

18.V – 1424 (p. 25)
275. Sandek de Gnathi citans Mathiani fratrem suum de ibidem solus termino non paravit, et Mathias paravit; ideo mansit 1 s. m. et suam eausam perdidit.
11.VIII – 1424 (p. 42)
480. Stanislaus de Gnathy d. testem contra Paulum idej ibidem: Falek de ibidem, qui interfuit[1]: „Iakom ya[2] obranczil Derszkowy trzikoppi za Pawla”[3]. „Iakom ya przitem byl, kcdi Stasszek obranczil Dzerszkowi trzy koppi za Pawla[3].
19.X – 1424 (p. 59)
691.[4] It. nobilis Petrus de Gnathi luit penam VI m. ad instanciam nobilis Thomc de Gora.
ó92. It. nobilis Petrus[5] heres de Gnathi t. dare et solvere nobili Thome de Gora heredi pro pena prolapsa mediam sexagenam gr. mon. com. et [6] XV grossos de censu, et ius terrestre, alias chicze et plothi reformare infra hinc et duas septimanas sub pena quinquagenali.
2.XI. – 1424 (p. 63)
739. Petrus de Gnathy L contra dominum Thomam de Gora ob non solucionem sibi pecunie, sicud in libro habet; <dixerit, quod Skode solverit navgesdze>.
14.XII – 1424 (p. 72)
844. Petrus de Gnathi LLL[7] contra Thomam de Gora ob non solucionem sibi pecunie ipsius, et sepes et gazas more solito t. una cum pecuniis reformare.
24.III – 1425 (p. 91)
1073. (f.59v.) Sandek de Gnathy 1 s. m. contra Zubrowszky opidanum de Syroczecz et sibi ad festum sancti Michaelis proxime venturum t. solvere tres sexagenas com. mon. sub L, et ipsum nullis debet evadere composicionibus neque obligacionibus, sed paratis pecuniis sub fide et honore obligavit se sibi solvere.
11.VII – 1426 (pp. 200-201)
2319. (f. 134.) Rethiborius heres de Gnati una cum fratre suo Nicolao de ibidem recognoverunt coram nobis palam per expressum, quia vendiderunt viginti mansos in Mirzegewo <Gaykoni de Skarzino >, et hoc debet dimensuralrij simul cum orto et gasa, sic wlgariter dieto sedliszko, circulariter ibidem in predicta hereditate, non in alia. Et si plures[8] mansi fuerint, quam viginti, tunc idem Gayk debet sibi solvere eadem pensa, sicud et alios mansos solvit, et hoc debet dimensurare circa aquam dictam Orsz. Et si minus fuerint, quam viginti mansi, tunc debet idem pecuniam deponere, wlgariter stronczicz, et hoc predictus Rethiborius debet dimensurafrej ante festum Nativitatis[9] Marie proxime circa Orzicz <sub L.>.
5.IX – 1426 (p. 211)
2434. Stanislaus heres de Gnathi obligavit se solvere tres sexagenas com. mon. tercia die post festum[10] Nativitatis beate Marie virginis gloriose lacobo fratri suo de ibidem, et duas sexagenas ad festum sancti Nicolai confessoris gloriosi proxime venturum; quod si non solverit seu quovismodo (f. 142v.)[11] solvere neglexerit ad aliquem terminum, quod absit, tunc obligavit se sub penam quinquagentalem dominis et sibi Iacobo in paratis pancznadzeszcza.
2435. Rethiborius heres de Gnathi t. solvere duas sexagenas com. mon. in sex septimanis Gaykoni heredi de Skarzino sub L.
17.X – 1426 (p. 218)
2523. (f. 148.) Adam de Cowalewo d. testes contra Meysunam et alios de Panthki: primus Urbanus de Carnyewo, 2-us Iohannes de Bielani, <3-us> Falek de Gnathi, <4-us> Adam de Roszcowo, <5-us> Bogussius de Chmelewo. Rotha: „Kandim szetl ivcazal, tandi gest mog dzal idzirszo tho[12] wiszeg trzech lath wpocogv”. „Iaco ya tho wem, kandi Adam szetl ivcazal, tandi gest gego dzal idzirszi tho wisszeg trzech lath wpocoyv”.
23.I – 1427 (p. 235)
2693. Stanislaus cum fratribus de Gnathi d. testes contra Iohannem et fratres suos de ibidem: primus Ian Dzanczol, 2-us Michael frater ipsius de Pnewo, 3-us Bogusch de Brodowo, 4-us Mroczek de Candzerzawicze, 5-us Adam de Cowalewicze: „Iaco mog oczecz cupil[13] Ianowo czansc wecznye idzirszo ya tho zoczcem wiszszeg dwdzesthu lath wpocoyo”. „Iaco ya tho wem, ese oczecz Stanislaow(s.) cupil Ianowo czansc weczne idzirszi tho wiszszeg dwdzestu lath wpocogo”[14].

2699. (f. 161 v.) Nota, cum Iacobus cum Stanislao de Gnathi citarent Martinum, Paulum, Iohannem, Sand[co]nem, Iohannem fratrem Sandconis, heredes de ibidem, qui respondere noluerunt sine aliis fratribus, tandem in alio termino sequenti statuerunt alias sstawili Falconem; pro Petro autem clerico, pro Dorothea et Dobeslawa, germanis Sandconis, Iohannes Anthonii de ibidem fideiussit.

NOTES

  1. [^] Iakom va P d.
  2. [^] zam. mne. Pawel.
  3. [^] w księdze: zapawIa.
  4. [^] na lewym marginesie obok noty: 1 s. m.
  5. [^] zam. Thomas.
  6. [^] VX d.
  7. [^] LLL d.
  8. [^] przekreślona kreska.
  9. [^] poprawione z Asumpcionis.
  10. [^] b d.
  11. [^] non solverit d.
  12. [^] daleg trze d.
  13. [^] v d.
  14. [^] nad notą dopisane: produxerunt.

REFERENCES

  • Księga ziemska zakroczymska pierwsza, 1423 - 1427, wyd. A. Rybarski, "Najdawniejsze księgi sądowe mazowieckie", t. 2, cz. 1, Warszawa 1920

Subcategories

Rymut, Kazimierz, GNATOWSKI nazwisko w Polsce:
(GNATOWSKI surname in Poland)

Entries in:

Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich,

(Geographic Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland and Other Slavic Countries)

F. Sulimierskiego, B. Chlebowskiego, J. Krzywickiego and W. Walewskiego,

Warszawa 1880-1902, volumes 1-15

Slownik Geograficzny